A viral infection of the lungs. It causes the bronchioles to swell, making it difficult to breathe.
Bronchitis (Acute and Chronic)
This occurs when the bronchioles (air-carrying tubes in the lungs) are inflamed and make too much mucus.
A family of viruses that can cause respiratory illness in humans caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Infections (NTM)
Bacteria in dust, soil, and water that can cause infections in different parts of the body including the lungs.
Infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It is a serious infection in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.
Upper Respiratory Infections
These infections can affect your sinuses, throat, lungs, or airways. Symptoms include a sore throat and cough.
Lung Diseases Affecting the Airways
A chest cold that occurs when the airways of the lungs swell and produce mucus in the lungs.
A condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus.
A condition where damage causes the tubes in your lungs (airways) to widen or develop pouches.
A productive cough that lasts at least three months, with recurring bouts occurring for at least two consecutive years.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
A chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs.
A genetic disorder that causes problems with breathing and digestion.
A disease of the lungs that usually develops after many years of smoking.
Vocal Cord Dysfunction (VCD)
A breathing and voice symptom that is caused by the restriction of the airway when you inhale.
Lung Diseases Affecting the Tissue
Mediastinal tumors are growths that form in the area of the chest that separates the lungs.
A lung disease that occurs when lung tissue becomes damaged and scarred.
A rare condition that causes small patches of swollen tissue, called granulomas, to develop in the organs of the body.
Lung Diseases Affecting the Blood Vessels
Occurs when a blood clot gets stuck in an artery in the lung, blocking blood flow to part of the lung.
Happens when the pressure in the blood vessels leading from the heart to the lungs is too high.
Lung Diseases Affecting the Pleura
A collection of pus in the cavity between the lung and the membrane that surrounds it (pleural space).
A collection of blood in the space between the chest wall and the lung (the pleural cavity).
A type of cancer that occurs in the thin layer of tissue that covers the majority of your internal organs (mesothelium)
A buildup of fluid between the layers of tissue that line the lungs and chest cavity.
Lung Diseases Affecting the Air Sacs (Alveoli)
Acute Respiratory Failure/Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
Occurs when fluid builds up in the tiny, elastic air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs.
A condition that involves damage to the walls of the air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs.
The most common types of lung cancer include lung nodules, non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, and mesothelioma.
Pneumoconiosis (Black Lung Disease)
A disease of the lungs due to inhalation of dust, characterized by inflammation, coughing, and fibrosis.
An infection of the lungs that can cause mild to severe illness in people of all ages.
Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis
A rare disease in which a type of protein builds up in the air sacs (alveoli) of the lungs, making breathing difficult.
A condition caused by too much fluid in the lungs. This fluid collects in the many air sacs in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.
Caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain.
Non-Specific Interstitial Pneumonia (Idiopathic NSIP)
A rare disorder that affects the tissue that surrounds and separates the tiny air sacs of the lungs.
Lung Diseases Affecting the Interstitium
Affects your ability to breathe and get enough oxygen into your bloodstream.
Lung Diseases Affecting the Chest Wall
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
A respiratory consequence of morbid obesity that is characterized by alveolar hypoventilation during sleep and wakefulness.
Respiratory muscle weakness due to neuromuscular disease can lead to acute and/or chronic ventilatory failure as well as recurrent aspiration and pneumonia.